Current National Curriculum in English


"All the skills of language are essential to participating fully as a member of society; pupils, therefore, who do not learn to speak, read and write fluently and confidently are effectively disenfranchised."

Three areas: spoken language, reading and writing

10 Essentials must be covered
R: whole books: fiction and non-fiction
R: short stories, poems and plays, two Shakespeare plays, "seminal" world literature
R: at least two authors in depth each year
R: studying setting, plot and characterisation
RW: vocabulary
RW: audience, purpose, context
RW: grammatical terms
RW: poetic conventions and terminology
W: writing for pleasure and information
S: using spoken language

Pupils should:

"Pupils should be expected to read whole books"
"should be taught to write formal and academic essays as well as writing imaginatively"
"should be taught to write for a variety of purposes and audiences across a range of contexts"
"should be taught to control their speaking and writing consciously"
"should understand and use age-appropriate vocabulary, including linguistic and literary terminology"
"It is important that pupils learn the correct grammatical terms in English and that these terms are integrated within teaching."

Attainment Targets


  1. Develop an appreciation and love of reading, and read increasingly challenging material independently.

    • read a wide range of fiction and non-fiction, including in particular whole books, short stories, poems and plays
    • both pre-1914 and contemporary
    • two Shakespeare plays
    • "seminal" world literature
  2. Understand increasingly challenging texts

    • learning new vocabulary
    • making inferences and refering to evidence in the texr
    • knowing purpose, audience and context
    • checking understanding
  3. Read critically:

    • knowing how language presents meaning
    • recognising poetic conventions
    • studying setting, plot and characterisation
    • performance of dramas and staging
    • critical comparisons across texts
    • studying a range of authors - at least two authors in depth each year


  1. write accurately, fluently, effectively and at length for pleasure and information
    • writing for wide range of purposes and audiences:
      • expository and narrative essays
      • stories, scripts, poetry and other imaginative writing
      • notes and polished scripts for talks and presentations
      • arguments and letters
    • summarising and organising material
    • applying knowledge of vocabulary, grammar and text structure
    • enhance impact of writing through drawing on knowledge of literary and rhetorical devices
  2. plan, draft, edit and proof-read

Grammar and Vocabulary

Spoken English